Un discurso para convencer

Los discursos existen para provocar cambios. Quizás estamos demasiado acostumbrados a creer que son un mero trámite. Que poco se puede esperar de ellos. Sin embargo, a veces se producen ejemplos que nos llevan a su objetivo primordial: hacer que algo cambie en la mente y en la opinión del receptor. El discurso de Zach Wahls es uno de esos discursos.

Zach Wahls es un estudiante modélico. Tiene 19 años y un expediente plagado de A+, puntuaciones altas y reconocimientos. Tiene una empresa. Estudia ingeniería en la Universidad de Iowa y es hijo de una pareja de mujeres homosexuales. O lo que es lo mismo, es un buen ciudadanos a pesar de ser hijo de gays. Eso es lo que pensarían muchos de los que se oponen al matrimonio homosexual en Iowa y a la posibilidad de tener una familia. Pero lo que nos cuenta Wahls es que es un ciudadano modélico porque le apoya una familia. Sin etiquetas. Una familia normal.

De hecho, Wahls interpela al propio presidente de la comisión que estudia el tema en la asamblea legislativa de Iowa: “If I was your son, Mr. Chairman, I believe I’d make you very proud.”

El discurso de Wahls es un ejemplo de cómo preparar, redactar y exponer un discurso que pretende producir cambios en la audiencia. Estas son las 5 claves de su intervención:

  1. Entiende perfectamente el contexto. Tanto el lugar desde el que habla como para quién habla. Por ello, hace referencias constantes al hecho de ser un ciudadano de Iowa, al hecho que muchos legisladores presentes en la sala tendrán o han tenido hijos en edad universitaria que han luchado por la máxima puntuación. Puede ponerse en su piel y permitir que ellos se pongan en la suya. Y además, muestra un respeto enorme por el lugar en el que se encuentra: viste de traje, habla con educación y con determinación.
  2. Ejemplos clave. Wahls no escatima en usar ejemplos que todos puedan entender. Ahí está la base de su discurso: el es un chico normal. Su familia es una familia normal que se enfrenta a problemas normales: our family really isn’t so different from any other Iowa family. You know, when I’m home we go to church together, we eat dinner, we go on Vacations. Ah, but, you know, we have our hard times too, we get in Fights … you know “
  3. Entonación, posición y lenguaje no verbal: Wahls convence por su manera de interpretar su discurso. Centrado, modulando la voz, poniendo pasión cuando se necesita, aumentando el ritmo del discurso. Ha ensayado y lo ha hecho a conciencia. El discurso fluye, su lenguaje no verbal es coherente con lo que narra.
  4. Un buen texto. El discurso de Wahls está bien escrito y estructurado. Las palabras dan forma a su discurso y elije bien qué decir y cuando decirlo.
  5. La importancia del preroratio. El alegato final, el resumen de la tesis, es la que mueve consciencias y es la que genera en el receptor esa necesidad de plantearse las cosas. ¿Me ha convencido? “But in my 19 years, not once have I ever been confronted by an individual who realized independently that I was raised by a gay couple. And you know why? Because the sexual orientation of my parents has had zero effect on the content of my character.”

Os dejo la transcripción íntegra del discurso de Zach Wahls.

“Good evening Mr. Chairman. My name is Zach Wahls. I’m a sixth-generation Iowan and an engineering student at the University of Iowa and I was raised by two women.

My biological mom, Terry, told her grandparents that she was pregnant, that the artificial insemination had worked, and they wouldn’t even acknowledge it.

It wasn’t until I was born and they succumbed to my infantile cuteness that they broke down and told her that they were thrilled to have another grandson.

Unfortunately, neither of them lived to see her marry her partner Jackie of 15 years when they wed in 2009.

My younger sister and only sibling was born in 1994. We actually have the same anonymous donor so we’re full siblings, which is really cool for me.

Um, I guess the point is our family really isn’t so different from any other Iowa family. You know, when I’m home we go to church together, we eat dinner, we go on vacations. Ah, but, you know, we have our hard times too, we get in fights…you know.

Actually my mom, Terry(Terry Wahls) was diagnoses with multiple sclerosis in 2000. It is a devastating disease that put her in a wheelchair. So we’ve had our struggles.

But, you know, we’re Iowans. We don’t expect anyone to solve our problems for us. We’ll fight our own battles. We just hope for equal and fair treatment from our government.

Being a student at the University of Iowa, the topic of same sex marriage comes up quite frequently in classroom discussions…you know Source: LYBIO.net The question always comes down to, well, “Can gays even raise kids?”

In question, you know, the conversation gets quiet for a moment because most people don’t really have any answer. And then I raise my hand and say, “Actually, I was raised by a gay couple, and I’m doing pretty well.”

I scored in the 99th percentile on the A.C.T. I’m actually an Eagle Scout. I own and operate my own small business. If I was your son, Mr. Chairman, I believe I’d make you very proud.

I’m not really so different from any of your children. My family really isn’t so different from yours. After all, your family doesn’t derive its sense of worth from being told by the state: “You’re married. Congratulations.” No.

The sense of family comes from the commitment we make to each other. To work through the hard times so we can enjoy the good ones. It comes from the love that binds us. That’s what makes a family.

So what you’re voting here isn’t to change us. It’s not to change our families, it’s to change how the law views us; how the law treats us. You are voting for the first time in the history of our state to codify discrimination into our constitution, a constitution that but for the proposed amendment, is the least amended constitution in the United States of America.

You are telling Iowans that some among you are second class citizens who do not have the right to marry the person you love.

So will this vote affect my family? Will it affect yours?

In the next two hours I’m sure we’re going to hear plenty of testimony about how damaging having gay parents is on kids.

But in my 19 years, not once have I ever been confronted by an individual who realized independently that I was raised by a gay couple.

And you know why? Because the sexual orientation of my parents has had zero effect on the content of my character.

Thank you very much.”

Albert Medrán

administrator

El blog de comunicación de Albert Medrán

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